Shipping & Bunker Training 2016 • London


Thursday 14 January 2016 ~ Full-day Course

The measurement of the quantity of fuel delivered to ships remains the trigger point for the majority of disputes between buyers and sellers of marine fuel. As business margins increasingly come under pressure, it is essential that purchasers of bunker fuel take delivery of the product they have paid for – inaccurate measurement, whether through poor practice or through intentional short delivery, can result in significant financial losses.

Fuel measurement can also lead to disagreement between a buyer and a ship’s receiving staff, yet it is one of the few routine operations for which vessel personnel and those dealing with the commercial aspects of the deal have very little training.

This sharply-focused one day course provides an invaluable introduction to the measurement techniques, equipment, and practices involved in fuel delivery. It has relevance to all those involved in any way in the commercial and physical operations associated with the supply of bunkers.

The course will cover the basics of fuel measurement – the ‘how, what, where and when’. It will also look at ways of measuring fuel – thermometers, gauges, density and direct/indirect level techniques.

Tank and instrument calibration will be addressed and the use of mass flow measurement techniques – set to become mandatory in the Port of Singapore in 2017 – will be comprehensively covered. Ways of measuring liquefied natural gas – increasingly used as marine fuel – will also be examined.

Moving on from practical measurement essentials, the course will look at the key role of the marine surveyor in the supervision and delivery of fuel, and will then go on to consider custody transfer and dispute procedures.

Accurate fuel measurement is essential in countering supply side fraud, and the course will provide a useful and essential overview of the ‘tricks of the trade’, include the practice of false soundings, the misstatement of fuel density and temperature, as well as the entrainment of air during fuel supply – the infamous ‘cappuccino effect’.




The price of this event includes lunch, refreshments and course materials.

 8:30 Course Registration
09:00 Introduction
Llewellyn Bankes-Hughes, Managing Director, Petrospot Limited

Course Director: Nigel Draffin, Technical Consultant, Lecturer and Author, Past Chairman of IBIA
09:05 What do we measure
09:25 How do we measure
09:55 Volume
10:20 Mass
10:45 coffee-breakNetworking Coffee Break
11:00 Basic exercise
11:45 Direct/Indirect  
12:00 Accuracy
12:20 Calibration
12:35 lunch-breakNetworking Lunch
13:20 List and trim
13:45 Exercise Metric and US
14:15 Volume flow
14:30 Mass flow
14:50 coffee-breakNetworking Coffee Break
15:05 Weighing
15:20 Surveying
15:45 Disputes
16:00 Fraud
16:40 Test
16:55 New Technology
17:10 Certificates and Close

Registration Options

An Introduction to Shipping:


An Introduction to Bunker Disputes:


An Introduction to Fuel Measurement:


Two courses - save 10%:


All three courses - save 15%:




For More Information

Please contact:
The Sales Team
Tel: +44 1295 814455

Registrations are subject to VAT at the prevailing rate.

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