This is a fully revised edition of the key reference work on bunkers, completely updated to reflect the latest technical, regulatory, and environmental changes in the marine fuel sector.
This fourth edition of Bunkers provides updated and comprehensive information about the technical aspects of bunkering. This edition does not include a legal section but instead marries the practical elements of bunkering with the highly topical and important environmental issues of today, from trading within ECAs to embracing abatement technologies.
Clearly some technology has not changed since 2004, such as refining and basic fuel handling and treatment and some test methods. For completeness, these fundamentals have been included in this edition, along with the many changes and new developments in fuel specifications, environmental matters, contaminants, testing technology and quantity determination.
This book discusses the future uses of different types of fuel,..
The world’s best known and most authoritative book on marine fuels, Bunkers is a must for maritime lawyers, marine engineers, insurers, shipping and bunkering companies, fuel purchasers and charterers – in fact anyone involved in handling bunker fuels or dealing with expensive claims.
Covering almost every aspect of bunkering in a concise, detailed but easy-to-read format, it offers almost 400 pages of highly-accessible text, charts, diagrams and graphs which make it the most comprehensive training tool for readers at any level of expertise and knowledge of bunkering.
Technical and operations staff will find useful procedures and practical advice to improve onboard handling and treatment and avoid costly engine damage, while law firms, arbitrators and P&I clubs will find concise information to assist them with bunker claims and disputes.
Bunkers is regularly cited in law courts and arbitration hearings in London, New York and other jurisdictio..
This fully revised edition of the best-selling An Introduction to Bunkering reflects the important recent changes to bunker regulations, legislation, terminology and standards – including the newly published ISO 8217:2012 marine fuels standard.
Written by Nigel Draffin, acknowledged bunker industry expert and current Chairman of the International Bunker Industry Association (IBIA), this book is a highly respected and invaluable introduction to the bunker industry. It provides clear answers to complicated questions and its useful, up-to-date data and illustrations will help anyone in the maritime industry to understand exactly what bunkering is all about.
The information in this new English edition is just as relevant to vessel charterers, ship operators, marine lawyers and port agents as it is to buyers and sellers of marine fuel.
First Edition also available in Spanish!
The Spanish edition contains a comprehensive English-Spanish ..
…una solución profesional y rentable para el entrenamiento en el abastecimiento de combustibles marinos
Este libro, Guía de abastecimiento del combustible marino, ofrece una referencia y guía para aquellos que, mientras no sean especialistas en los aspectos técnicos de combustibles marinos, necesitan comprender la terminología y los reportes que se usan en el análisis de combustibles como parte de su trabajo.
Este libro ayudará a cualquiera que tenga algunas dudas acerca de lo que se puede encontrar en los combustibles marinos, y, una vez encontrado, lo que se puede hacer con ellos. Incluye unos apéndices muy útiles que ofrecen sitios donde se puede encontrar ayuda, listas de abreviaturas y un glosario plurilingüe de las palabras y términos más frecuentemente encontrados en los reportes del análisis de combustibles.
Aunque este libro nunca será un sustituto ..
An Introduction to Bunker Operations is full of photographs, charts and diagrams intended to help the reader visualise important aspects of bunker operations, from flanges, hoses and samplers, to barges, pipelines, road tankers and storage tanks.
Bunkering operations can be highly complex and subject to strict rules and regulations that can vary enormously from port to port.
Given the trend towards ever strengthening MARPOL and local rules, the global maritime industry has become increasingly conscious of the imperative for careful fuel handling. Pollution is a key concern; the penalties for pollution, whether due to accident or carelessness, are now draconian. This practical book is set against that background.
This highly detailed book provides a plethora of useful information, including a comprehensive index and an appendix designed to help the reader quickly locate exactly what he or she needs to find. In short, this is a book that no-one involved in bunk..
An Introduction to Fuel Analysis provides a guide and reference for those who may not be specialists in marine fuels but who need to understand the terminology and the reporting used in fuel analysis as part of their work.
No two fuels are exactly the same. Quality can change depending on the crude oil and feedstock from which the fuel is derived, on the type of processing it receives at the refinery, and on the way it is stored, blended and delivered to ships. At one time, shipowners used not to worry unduly about the quality of the fuel they were buying. But, in the 1980s, in response to a steady deterioration in the quality of bunkers, the first dedicated fuel testing agencies started to appear. Today, such agencies play a vital role in determining whether fuel is fit to burn, or just another hostage to arbitration or litigation.
This book will help anyone who has any doubts about what can be found in marine fuels and, once found, what to do about it.
An Introduction to Bunker Credit Risk is an essential tool for all those responsible for making credit decisions and assessing counterparty risk when buying or selling marine fuels.
Marine fuel is sold almost universally on open credit and the sums involved can be substantial. With no security and thin margins, payment delay or default can be very serious for the supplier. It is important to understand the dynamics of credit risk, both as a defence against loss and as a tool for maximising profit.
Presenting a complex subject in a simply-written and highly-effective way, this book provides a comprehensive foundation for anyone involved in any aspect of credit management, whether from the trading and supply or a ship operator’s viewpoint.
The book offers an understanding of the marine fuels market and of the shipping markets that it supports, and also provides a practical introduction to the assessment of counterparty risk in the sector.
Commercial Practice in Bunkering is a valuable source of information and guidance on the process and methods of buying and selling bunker fuels. It assumes a little knowledge of ships, commerce and marine fuel and is intended as a ready reference for those who need to understand how the commercial side of the business really works.
Any commercial deal between a seller and buyer can be frustrated at any stage of the process, and bunkering can be particularly prone to contractual problems. In Commercial Practice in Bunkering, Nigel Draffin deftly guides the reader around the pitfalls, using simple and sometimes entertaining language to explain often complicated issues.
The book examines every aspect of the commercial deal, from the buyer’s enquiry to the supplier’s offer, terms and conditions, the contract and each party’s obligations.
It takes the reader through the delivery, documentation and settlement of the invoice, along the way covering..
This comprehensive book provides a wealth of information on the key legal aspects of bunkering including contracts, defaults, ship arrest and dispute resolution; there is also a section dealing with international conventions and national legislation on environmental issues relevant to bunkering.
Whilst not intended as a substitute for detailed legal advice, this book will help the reader understand legal matters and point him in the right direction should professional help be required.
Legal Issues in Bunkering will help the reader to avoid expensive legal mistakes and show him where to turn when things go wrong. It should be kept on the desk of every trader and broker, owner and charterer, and maritime lawyer, arbitrator, regulator and government agency.
Legal Issues in Bunkering covers issues that one might expect to find in a volume ten times larger, distilling the salient points and summarising the more arcane bits.
It is extremely unusual to find..
Bunker Fuel for Marine Engines – A Technical Introduction sheds light on the complicated relationship between ships’ engines and the marine fuels that power them and provides the reader with a solid introduction to a subject which every supplier or user of marine fuels would do well to understand.
In its foreword, the respected veteran bunker industry expert, Dr Rudy Kassinger – who spent well over half a century with Exxon and DNV Petroleum Services before branching out with his own consulting firm earlier this year – proclaims that Draffin ‘has written a comprehensive sequel to John Lamb’s seminal treatise Petroleum and its Combustion in Diesel Engines’ which was first published in December 1955, and long out of print, but ‘now has a worthy successor’. Fine praise indeed, from a fuels expert who has watched the subsequent 57 years of growth of the bunker fuel market from a few thousand tonnes to over 300 million tonnes ..
Essays in Admiralty is a bold attempt to shine some light onto the many aspects of international shipping and maritime law that particularly affect Nigeria and West Africa.
Based upon a collection of essays, speeches and articles written by one of Nigeria's foremost maritime lawyers, this book provides an interesting background for those involved in maritime law, especially in West Africa.
Armed with a considerable collection of degrees and international awards, Jean Chiazor Anishere is one of the industry's most charismatic leaders. She has enjoyed a long and productive career in the legal profession in Nigeria and played a major role in the country's government and non-governmental maritime organisations, including the Nigerian Chamber of Shipping.
Report Writing for Marine Surveyors is a valuable addition to the body of information available to marine surveyors. It is of particular value to new entrants to this global industry for whom writing detailed, accurate and concise survey reports is an essential job requirement.
Every marine surveyor, whatever age or level of experience, will find the advice, guidelines and practical examples supplied in this handy-sized book helpful. It will also help him better understand the importance of effective evidence gathering and the report writing process.
This book explains the essentials of good report writing and explains how to prepare reports in a format readers can follow logically.
Report Writing for Marine Surveyors is full of helpful diagrams and charts which are designed to illustrate every aspect of the marine surveying process likely to be encountered. Different types of report format, which may be used as templates, are included in the appendices..
Rig Basics – How to Look After Your Mast, Rigging and Sails, is Petrospot’s first foray into the sailing and yachting sector. Written by Kim Skov-Nielsen, a hugely experienced round-the-world yachtsman and active marine surveyor, this book provides a concise, informative and clearly-written outline of what an owner or operator must take into consideration when looking after the mast, rigging and sails. It is also a highly useful guide to what a surveyor should be looking at when surveying a rig.
Kim Skov-Nielsen has worked full-time in the marine industry since 1979, primarily as a yacht skipper and ocean racer. He has sailed over 150,000 blue water miles worldwide, amassing a wide range of valuable experience including building boats, sailing them around the world, being bosun on a 12-metre yacht in the America’s Cup and taking on the role of project manager at America’s Cup and Whitbread Round the World Race level.
Kim holds a long and impre..
Liquefied natural gas is poised to become a viable and widely used alternative to conventional marine fuels. As port authorities and shipowners work together on the creation of bunkering infrastructures, and stringent environmental regulations limit the use of high sulphur fuels, there is a clear global impetus for making the switch to LNG.
In An Introduction to LNG Bunkering, industry expert Nigel Draffin answers the key questions about LNG bunker fuel in his usual informative and lucid style. He looks at the properties of methane, gas-only and dual fuel engines, tank design, fuel and safety systems, as well as onboard and onshore storage and safety issues. Potential problem areas in the use of LNG, such as weathering, sloshing and methane slip, are sensibly and clearly analysed.
Draffin takes a close and informed look at bunkering procedures, including delivery methods, transfer equipment, connections, and loading operations. He also reviews the ongoing work of mar..
Shipping: An Introduction to the Technical, Operational and Commercial Aspects is a comprehensive and well-planned book which is easy to read and highly accessible both to newcomers to shipping and to those needing to refresh their knowledge and understanding of this highly dynamic global industry.
The book covers every aspect of shipping, taking the reader through manning, safety, training, navigation and communications; it covers classification and insurance, international conventions and maritime law; it looks at ports, workboats, cranes and dry docks, as well as pilots and agents.
The author discusses charter parties and contracts of affreightment, shipbroking and vessel vetting, and at the main costs, such as manning, maintenance, insurance and bunkering. He covers sale and purchase, new building and scrapping, as well as ownership structures, mortgages and public and private ownership issues. Not forgotten are the engines and propellers, speed and effici..
Running a Marine Survey Company is essential reading for all marine surveyors who really want to know what it is like to start a business from scratch. For those who are already marine surveyors but who still wonder why the competition is doing better than they are, this book is also indispensable. For those who are already running a successful business, this guide provides a useful reality check.
Drawing on his extensive experience as a marine surveyor, Mike Wall navigates the reader through the processes involved in setting up a new company. Using a clear and effective step-by-step approach, he looks at all the key areas that should be addressed – and also flags up issues and potential problems that the owner of a start-up company may have overlooked.
The book covers areas such as company structure, financial management, and personnel management. It addresses in detail the role of the employer, the employee interview process, contracts of employment,..
Every transfer of fuel from terminal to barge/road tanker and barge/road tanker to the receiving ship requires accurate measurement to determine the quantities transferred – usually by measuring the tanks before the start of the transfer and on completion.
As business margins increasingly come under pressure, it is essential that purchasers of bunker fuel take delivery of the product they have paid for – inaccurate measurement of fuel, whether through poor practice or through intentional short delivery, can result in significant financial losses.
In this timely and clearly-written book, industry expert Nigel Draffin addresses the basics of quantity measurement and provides an excellent overview of measurement equipment, including thermometers, gauges, and calibration.
As the use of mass flow metering increasingly becomes the industry norm, Draffin looks at the intricacies and challenges of fuel flow measurement. He also reviews fuel sampling metho..